About Family Trees
Family trees and branches
Tall family trees
Concentrating on the grand parents and children
OK, so you decide to explore a particular name back into the past from a certain starting person, usually yourself or one of your parents. This research usually concentrates on one particular family name and traces it into the past. It becomes impossible to trace all the ancestors as they double up with every generation and you need to drop some lines because… well, maybe you’ll get back on that later. At least you can give this tree a family name – usually the highest, or ground level male on the male side. Tall trees are generally the most difficult to prove and seldom have any pictures with which to illustrate them. Unless you have a provable connection to an important or royal family, it’s unlikely that you can have a very tall tree.
Wide family trees
Cousins and wider relatives
With a wide tree using horizontal connections, you probably have a good chance of finding your living cousins, second cousins and removed relations. As the world’s population has expanded so much in the last 150 years there is a good chance that you share a common ancestor with hundreds of other living people. Wide trees are harder to name because there are so many significant people in such trees. In a small static community a person will share common ancestors within very few generations. As people migrate into larger communities the chance of marrying a cousin is reduced, so common ancestors are only found in more distant generations. The good thing about wide trees is that they are much more likely to have pictures and other media available (subject to permission). The downside is that there are many more privacy issues.
Taking cuttings from a family tree
Creating a new family tree from an existing family tree
XYFT has a facility to make a new tree based on a selected person in an established tree. This creates a new tree as an extract from the original, that includes all ancestors of that person. It includes all descendants of those ancestors and all spouses of the ancestors. Effectively this picks up all blood relations of the selected person. Think of this like a fountain and cascade; where the water shoots as high as possible and all the cascade results from the very highest (earliest) reaches.
Impossible family trees
Whilst it's possible to create both a tall family tree and a wide family tree in the same file, the larger it gets the more impossible it is to prove. Any small connection error invalidates the whole family tree. If you need to go tall and wide it's much better to do these as individual trees and compare where they cross. You have never seen a verifiable family tree displayed anywhere that includes ALL (including unknowns), both tall and wide for more than 3 generations. That's a challenge!
Unconnected people in a family tree
In XYFT you can enter people that are not connected with the actual ancestry or descendancy but who have a peripheral or interesting connection, such as the connection between Lorenzo Medici and Michelangelo. Such an association is entered in XYFT as “association”. This offers all sorts of possibilities to display information without bending the strict rules of biology – that a person can only have one father and one mother.
The effect of errors
Errors of date in a family tree
Getting a date wrong may lead to confusion but otherwise might be a simple error. Unfortunately, date errors of any sort are very likely to lead to more serious errors.
Dates are always a problem, for at least three reasons:
- a date is not known at all – the field is empty and cannot be used
- a date is vague – “before 1920″ is not a date, nor is “unknown”
- a date is written as text and may be formatted differently to expectation e.g. “10/11/07″, could be intended to mean “2007-11-10″, “1907-11-10″, “10/11/1807″, “11 Oct 1707″, “10 Nov 1707″.
XYFT allows you to have dates with the year (as 4 adjacent digits) placed anywhere in a date field. Only the year part is used in any display; this is sufficient. To be meaningful in genealogy every date of anything happening between 1000 and 9999 will need a four figure year somewhere in there. In XYFT you could have "after 1720", "1720ish", "Jan 1720", "10/11.1720", "1720/01/10", "ca 1720", "Between 1720 and 1721" and whole load more. All these will resolve to 1720 as the relevant year. Obviously imprecise for strict proof of connection but adequate in all other ways - especially searching on dates and sorting chronologically.
Errors of parentage in a family tree
Any errors in a family tree invalidate all relationships before that point and any connections horizontally that depend on the earlier connection.
Privacy in a family tree
XYFT allows several levels of privacy. For individuals who are, or might be, still alive, forename can be hidden, family name can be hidden and dates can be hidden. Additionally, on the website, there are a three settings of privacy for your tree; ranging from total visibility to access only by password.
Media and other interesting documents
Many genealogists gather photographs, audiotape, film and video recordings of recent ancestors. The earliest photos are unlikely to pre-date 1850, film and moving images unlikely before 1920 and audiotape unlikely before 1940. So, if your family tree goes back before 1850, and many trees go back way further than then, the use of photos and media clips is of little relevance. Media is more use in a spreading tree where the majority of connections are horizontal. Of course there is always the possibility of a picture of a painting, but few paintings were made for most of us.
Other interesting documents
All family trees need documents as proof. Certificates could go back way before media evidence but can only be displayed on a website as pictures of certificates.There are many interesting articles on how family tree programs should handle media items and have attempted to implement these on the PC. Your best and most interesting views of your recent ancestors are handled well on a PC. The website view of your family tree is more simple but can nonetheless use media files.
Family tree charts
A family tree chart that is intended to show a particular emphasis on a certain person or branch of a family tree must deliberately exclude information that would be important in a different chart. Because XYFT has been designed as a simple and honest way to display charts of ancestors, descendants and family connections, it has no facility to emphasise particular people other than person in the focus. It does, however, have the facility to extract a branch for a chosen individual into a new file that can be displayed in the various standard ways. The extract is like a fountain; it selects all ancestors of a person as far back as they go (shoots the water as high as it can) and then selects all the descendants of all of these people (the cascade).
Numbering systems in family trees
Before computers there were many attempts at making numbering systems that were intended to simplify the connection between people, so that relationships could be deduced by a human if he or she knew how the system worked. Numbering systems are now obsolete as computers can calculate relationships by using their own internal logic. Humans therefore, have no need to assign numbers using any other system. Just accept the number assigned automatically and don’t worry about it.
The fundamental truths of genealogy
- Each Individual has a single biological Father and a single biological Mother
- The Father and Mother may, or may not, have been connected in a "Formal" relationship
- The Father and Mother, as recorded, might not be the biological parents
The biggest problems with the truth
The recorded Father and Mother might not be the real Father and Mother. Any wrong connection invalidates all dependent information.
Sharing your family free
XYFT can be shared as an XYXchange file, which is a zipped file containing all your data and other associated files. XYFT can run on any modern PC directly from a USB key.
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